Joint Trauma System Clinical Practice Guideline (JTS CPG) Prehospital Blood Transfusion 30 October 2020

Jared Voller, Joshua M. Tobin, Andrew P. Cap, Cord W. Cunningham, Michael Denoyer, Brendon Drew, Jay Johannigman, Elizabeth Mann-Salinas, Benjamin D. Walrath, Jennifer Gurney, Stacy A. Shackelford

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13 Scopus citations


PURPOSE This Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) provides a brief summary of the scientific literature for prehospital blood use, with an emphasis on the en route care environment. Updates include the importance of calcium administration to counteract the deleterious effects of hypocalcemia, minimal to no use of crystalloid, and stresses the importance of involved and educated en route care medical directors alongside at a competent prehospital and en route care providers (see Table 1). With the paradigm shift to use FDA-approved cold stored low titer group O whole blood (CS-LTOWB) along with the operational need for continued use of walking blood banks (WBB) and point of injury (POI) transfusion, there must be focused, deliberate training incorporating the different whole blood options. Appropriate supervision of autologous blood transfusion training is important for execution of this task in support of deployed combat operations as well as other operations in which traumatic injuries will occur. Command emphasis on the importance of this effort as well as appropriate logistical support are essential elements of a prehospital blood program as part of a prehospital/en route combat casualty care system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-21
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Special Operations Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2021


  • blood precautions
  • blood tranfusions
  • prehospital


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