Kratosvirus quantuckense: the history and novelty of an algal bloom disrupting virus and a model for giant virus research

Alexander R. Truchon, Emily E. Chase, Eric R. Gann, Mohammad Moniruzzaman, Brooke A. Creasey, Frank O. Aylward, Chuan Xiao, Christopher J. Gobler, Steven W. Wilhelm*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Since the discovery of the first “giant virus,” particular attention has been paid toward isolating and culturing these large DNA viruses through Acanthamoeba spp. bait systems. While this method has allowed for the discovery of plenty novel viruses in the Nucleocytoviricota, environmental -omics-based analyses have shown that there is a wealth of diversity among this phylum, particularly in marine datasets. The prevalence of these viruses in metatranscriptomes points toward their ecological importance in nutrient turnover in our oceans and as such, in depth study into non-amoebal Nucleocytoviricota should be considered a focal point in viral ecology. In this review, we report on Kratosvirus quantuckense (née Aureococcus anophagefferens Virus), an algae-infecting virus of the Imitervirales. Current systems for study in the Nucleocytoviricota differ significantly from this virus and its relatives, and a litany of trade-offs within physiology, coding potential, and ecology compared to these other viruses reveal the importance of K. quantuckense. Herein, we review the research that has been performed on this virus as well as its potential as a model system for algal-virus interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1284617
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Volume14
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aureococcus anophagefferens
  • brown tide
  • harmful algal blooms
  • marine microbiology
  • model system
  • Nucleocytoviricota
  • strain heterogeneity
  • viral ecology

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