Lack of doxycycline antimalarial prophylaxis impact on Staphylococcus aureus tetracycline resistance

Katrin Mende*, Miriam L. Beckius, Wendy C. Zera, Xin Yu, Ping Li, David R. Tribble, Clinton K. Murray

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


There is concern that susceptibility of Staphylococcus aureus to tetracyclines may decrease due to use of antimalarial prophylaxis (doxycycline). We examined characteristics related to tetracycline resistance, including doxycycline exposure, in S. aureus isolates collected via admission surveillance swabs and inpatient clinical cultures from United States military personnel injured during deployment (June 2009–January 2012). Tetracycline class resistance was determined using antimicrobial susceptibility testing. The first S. aureus isolate from 168 patients were analyzed, of which 38 (23%) isolates were resistant to tetracyclines (class). Tetracycline-resistant isolates had a higher proportion of resistance to clindamycin (P = 0.019) compared to susceptible isolates. There was no significant difference in tetracycline resistance between isolates collected from patients with and without antimalarial prophylaxis; however, significantly more isolates had tet(M) resistance genes in the doxycycline exposure group (P = 0.031). Despite 55% of the patients receiving doxycycline as antimalarial prophylaxis, there was no association with resistance to tetracyclines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-220
Number of pages10
JournalDiagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2016


  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Tetracyclines


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