Lethal ischemia due to intracoronary endothelin in pigs

D. Ezra, R. E. Goldstein, J. F. Czaja, G. Z. Feuerstein

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125 Scopus citations


Endothelin is a recently discovered endothelium-derived peptide with potent coronary constrictor properties in vitro. To evaluate endothelin's cardiac actions in vivo, we measured coronary flow and regional myocardial shortening when intracoronary porcine endothelin was given to anesthetized open-chested pigs. Bolus administration into the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery of six pigs caused dose-related rapidly reversing depression of LAD flow and local shortening. Marked reductions in flow [-71 ± 8 (SE) %] and shortening (-83 ± 2%) after 30 pmol/kg demonstrated endothelin's potency in cardiac tissues. Systemic hemocynamic values were unaltered except for transient rises in left ventricular end-diastolic pressure. Endothelin-induced decrement in LAD flow was accompanied by electrocardiographic signs of myocardial ischemia and net release of local myocardial lactate. Intracoronary infusion of endothelin, 15 pmol·kg-1·min-1, caused progressive decline in LAD flow and local shortening followed by severe persistent hypotension and terminal ventricular fibrillation in four of five pigs. Unlike intracoronary delivery of other potent coronary constrictors, intracoronary administration of endothelin did not lead to rapid escape from the peptide's deleterious influence. Coronary exposure to endothelin under pathophysiological circumstances could result in uniquely persistent decrements in myocardial perfusion and contractile function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26/1
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes


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