Long-term survival in visceral transplant recipients in the new era: A single-center experience

Ahmed M. Elsabbagh, Jason Hawksworth*, Khalid M. Khan, Stuart S. Kaufman, Nada A. Yazigi, Alexander Kroemer, Coleman Smith, Thomas M. Fishbein, Cal S. Matsumoto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


There is a paucity of data on long-term outcomes following visceral transplantation in the contemporary era. This is a single-center retrospective analysis of all visceral allograft recipients who underwent transplant between November 2003 and December 2013 with at least 3-year follow-up data. Clinical data from a prospectively maintained database were used to assess outcomes including patient and graft survival. Of 174 recipients, 90 were adults and 84 were pediatric patients. Types of visceral transplants were isolated intestinal transplant (56.3%), combined liver-intestinal transplant (25.3%), multivisceral transplant (16.1%), and modified multivisceral transplant (2.3%). Three-, 5-, and 10-year overall patient survival was 69.5%, 66%, and 63%, respectively, while 3-, 5-, and 10-year overall graft survival was 67%, 62%, and 61%, respectively. In multivariable analysis, significant predictors of survival included pediatric recipient (P =.001), donor/recipient weight ratio <0.9 (P =.008), no episodes of severe acute rejection (P =.021), cold ischemia time <8 hours (P =.014), and shorter hospital stay (P =.0001). In conclusion, visceral transplantation remains a good option for treatment of end-stage intestinal failure with parenteral nutritional complications. Proper graft selection, shorter cold ischemia time, and improvement of immunosuppression regimens could significantly improve the long-term survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2077-2091
Number of pages15
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • clinical research/practice
  • health services and outcomes research
  • immunosuppressive regimens - induction
  • intestinal (allograft) function/dysfunction
  • intestine/multivisceral transplantation


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