Longitudinal pooled deep sequencing of the plasmodium vivax k12 kelch gene in Cambodia reveals a lack of selection by artemisinin

Nicholas F. Brazeau, Nicholas Hathaway, Christian M. Parobek, Jessica T. Lin, Jeffrey A. Bailey, Chanthap Lon, David L. Saunders, Jonathan J. Juliano*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The emergence of artemisinin resistance among Plasmodium falciparum in the Greater Mekong subregion threatens malaria control interventions and is associated with multiple unique mutations in K13 (PF3D7-1343700). The aim of this study was to survey Cambodian Plasmodium vivax for mutations in the K13 ortholog (K12, PVX-083080) that might similarly confer artemisinin resistance. Extracted DNA from Cambodian isolates collected between 2009 and 2012 was pooled by province and year and submitted for next-generation sequencing. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified using a pile-up approach that detected minority SNPs. Among the 14 pools, we found six unique SNPs, including three nonsynonymous SNPs, across six codons in K12. However, none of the SNPs were orthologous to artemisinin resistance-conferring mutations in PF3D7-1343700, and nonsynonymous changes did not persist through time within populations. These results suggest a lack of selection in the P. vivax population in Cambodia due to artemisinin drug pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1409-1412
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume95
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2016
Externally publishedYes

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