Loss of control eating in relation to blood pressure among adolescent girls with elevated anxiety at-risk for excess weight gain

Viviana Bauman, Natalia Sanchez, Hannah E. Repke, Holly Spinner, Isabel Thorstad, Lauren D. Gulley, Autumn M. Mains, Jason M. Lavender, Katherine A. Thompson, Jill E. Emerick, Victoria Thomas, Thomas B. Arnold, Andrew Heroy, Ana M. Gutierrez-Colina, Mark C. Haigney, Lauren B. Shomaker, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Loss of control (LOC)-eating, excess weight, and anxiety are robustly linked, and are independently associated with markers of poorer cardiometabolic health, including hypertension. However, no study has examined whether frequency of LOC-eating episodes among youth with anxiety symptoms and elevated weight status may confer increased risk for hypertension. We examined the relationship between LOC-eating frequency and blood pressure among 39 adolescent girls (14.9 ± 1.8 years; body mass index [BMI] = 29.9 ± 5.6; 61.5 % White; 20.5 % African American/Black; 5 % Multiple Races; 2.5 % Asian; 12.8 % Hispanic/Latino; 30.8 % with reported LOC-eating) with elevated anxiety and above average BMI who enrolled in a clinical trial aimed at preventing excess weight gain. LOC-eating over the past three months was assessed via clinical interview, and blood pressure (systolic and diastolic) was measured with an automatic blood pressure monitor. Adjusting for age, fat mass, and height, LOC-eating episode frequency was significantly, positively associated with diastolic blood pressure (β = 0.38, p = 0.02), but not with systolic blood pressure (β = 0.13, p = 0.41). Replication studies, with larger sample sizes, participants of varying weight-strata, and prospective data are required to elucidate the relationship between LOC-eating and cardiovascular functioning in youth with elevated anxiety.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101773
JournalEating Behaviors
Volume50
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Anxiety
  • Blood pressure
  • Loss of control eating
  • Obesity

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