Low Revision Rates at 10 years for Metal on Metal Hip Implants in a Military Population

Sean E. Slaven, John T. Richards, Sean M. Wade, Sameer K. Saxena, Alan T. Vanier, John P. Cody

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Prior to being largely abandoned due to unacceptably high failure rates and the adverse physiologic reactions to metal ions, metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip arthroplasty (THA) and hip resurfacing (HR) were in widespread use throughout the USA, and the potential benefit of decreased volumetric wear rates made it of particular interest to those who serve a young active population, such as military surgeons. The aim of our study was to determine the revision rate of metal on metal hip implants performed at our military institution and obtain current patient reported outcomes from this cohort. Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of patients who underwent MoM total hip arthroplasty (THA) or hip resurfacing (HR) at our institution from 2006 to 2012. Revision status and component type were determined, and patients were contacted to obtain current HOOS JR scores. Results: We identified 103 THAs in 88 patients and 38 HRs in 33 patients, with mean follow up of 10.2 years. Average age at time of surgery was 48 years, and 85% of the patients were male. The mean HOOS JR score in the THA and HR groups were 84.9 ± 17.6 and 75.8 ± 24.9, respectively (p = 0.38), and were not significantly lower in those who were revised. Two THA revisions occurred for metallosis and one for aseptic loosening of the femoral component. One HR revision occurred for breach of the anterior femoral neck, and one occurred for heterotopicossification. Conclusions: Revision rates of MoM THA and HR in this young, predominantly male population were 2.9% and 5.3%, respectively, and patients maintained generally good hip-specific outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E451-E456
JournalMilitary Medicine
Issue number9-10
StatePublished - 2 Apr 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Metal on Metal
  • Patient Reported Outcomes
  • Revision
  • Total Hip Arthroplasty


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