Low Titer Group O Whole Blood In Injured Children Requiring Massive Transfusion

Barbara A. Gaines, Mark H. Yazer, Darrell J. Triulzi, Jason L. Sperry, Matthew D. Neal, Timothy R. Billiar, Christine M. Leeper*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the survival impact of low-titer group O whole blood (LTOWB) in injured pediatric patients who require massive transfusion. Summary Background Data: Limited data are available regarding the effectiveness of LTOWB in pediatric trauma. Methods: A prospective observational study of children requiring massive transfusion after injury at UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, an urban academic pediatric Level 1 trauma center. Injured children ages 1 to 17 years who received a total of >40 mL/kg of LTOWB and/or conventional components over the 24 hours after admission were included. Patient characteristics, blood product utilization and clinical outcomes were analyzed using KaplanMeier survival curves, log rank tests and Cox proportional hazards regression analyses. The primary outcome was 28-day survival. Results: Of patients analyzed, 27 of 80 (33%) received LTOWB as part of their hemostatic resuscitation. The LTOWB group was comparable to the component therapy group on baseline demographic and physiologic parameters except older age, higher body weight, and lower red blood cell and plasma transfusion volumes. After adjusting for age, total blood product volume transfused in 24 hours, admission base deficit, international normalized ratio (INR), and injury severity score (ISS), children who received LTOWB as part of their resuscitation had significantly improved survival at both 72 hours and 28 days post-trauma [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 0.23, P = 0.009 and AOR 0.41, P = 0.02, respectively]; 6-hour survival was not statistically significant (AOR = 0.51, P = 0.30). Survivors at 28 days in the LTOWB group had reduced hospital LOS, ICU LOS, and ventilator days compared to the CT group. Conclusion: Administration of LTOWB during the hemostatic resuscitation of injured children requiring massive transfusion was independently associated with improved 72-hour and 28-day survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E919-E924
JournalAnnals of surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • child
  • hemorrhage
  • massive transfusion
  • trauma
  • whole blood


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