Lower Extremity Staged Revascularization (LESR) as a new innovative concept for lower extremity salvage in acute popliteal artery injuries: a hypothesis

Joseph Edwards, Rebecca N. Treffalls, Hossam Abdou, David P. Stonko, Patrick F. Walker, Jonathan J. Morrison*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Popliteal artery injury following knee dislocation is associated with significant morbidity and high amputation rates. The complex and multi-disciplinary input required to manage this injury effectively can take time to arrange, prolonging the time to revascularization. Furthermore, open surgical bypass or interposition graft can be technically challenging in the acute setting, further prolonging ischemic time. Temporary intravascular shunts can be used to temporarily restore flow but require surgical exposure which takes time. Endovascular techniques can decrease the time to revascularization; however, endovascular popliteal stent-grafting is controversial because the biomechanical forces relating to flexion and extension of the knee may increase the risk of stent thrombosis. An ideal operation would result in rapid revascularization, eventually leading to a definitive and durable surgical solution. We hypothesize that a staged approach combing extracorporeal shunting, temporary endovascular covered stent placement, external fixation of bony injury, and definitive open repair provides for a superior approach to popliteal artery injury than current standard of care. We term this approach lower extremity staged revascularization (LESR) and the aim is to minimize the known factors contributing to poor outcomes after traumatic popliteal artery injury.

Original languageEnglish
Article number39
JournalPatient Safety in Surgery
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Extracorporeal circuit
  • Ischemia
  • Limb salvage
  • Popliteal artery injury
  • Shunt

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