Matrix-bound nanovesicle-associated IL-33 supports functional recovery after skeletal muscle injury by initiating a pro-regenerative macrophage phenotypic transition

J. G. Bartolacci, M. N. Behun, J. P. Warunek, T. Li, A. Sahu, G. K. Dwyer, A. Lucas, J. Rong, F. Ambrosio, H. R. Turnquist*, S. F. Badylak*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Injuries to skeletal muscle are among the most common injuries in civilian and military populations, accounting for nearly 60% of extremity injuries. The standard of care for severe extremity injury has been focused upon limb salvage procedures and the utilization of tissue grafts or orthotics in conjunction with rehabilitation to avoid amputation. Nonetheless, many patients have persistent strength and functional deficits that permanently impact their quality of life. Preclinical and clinical studies have shown that partial restoration of functional skeletal muscle tissue following injury can be achieved by the implantation of a biologic scaffold composed of extracellular matrix (ECM). These favorable outcomes are mediated, at least in part, through local immunomodulation. The mechanisms underlying this immunomodulatory effect, however, are poorly understood. The present study investigates a potential mechanistic driver of the immunomodulatory effects; specifically, the effect of selected ECM components upon inflammation resolution and repair. Results show that the host response to skeletal muscle injury is profoundly altered and functional recovery decreased in il33 −/− mice compared to age- and sex-matched wildtype counterparts by 14 days post-injury. Results also show that IL-33, contained within matrix-bound nanovesicles (MBV), supports skeletal muscle regeneration by regulating local macrophage activation toward a pro-remodeling phenotype via canonical and non-canonical pathways to improve functional recovery from injury compared to untreated il33 −/− counterparts. Taken together, these data suggest that MBV and their associated IL-33 cargo represent a novel homeostatic signaling mechanism that contributes to skeletal muscle repair.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7
Journalnpj Regenerative Medicine
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2024
Externally publishedYes

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