Men, Muscles, and Eating Disorders: an Overview of Traditional and Muscularity-Oriented Disordered Eating

Jason M. Lavender*, Tiffany A. Brown, Stuart B. Murray

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

177 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of Review: There is growing recognition that eating disorder (ED) symptoms, particularly those of a muscularity-oriented nature, are more common in men than previously understood. The purpose of the current review is to describe contemporary directions and implications of research on traditional and muscularity-oriented ED symptoms among males. Recent Findings: Evidence indicates that ED symptoms occur in a substantial minority of men. Importantly, recent research has focused on muscularity-oriented body image and disordered eating in males, demonstrating the prevalence, correlates, and consequences of maladaptive muscularity-oriented attitudes and behaviors. A growing number of assessments are available to measure these constructs in males, and preliminary treatment considerations have begun to be addressed in the literature. Summary: Research on male EDs and body image is increasingly focusing on muscularity-oriented manifestations. Continued empirical work will be critical to improve our understanding of the onset, maintenance, and treatment of muscularity-oriented disordered eating in males.

Original languageEnglish
Article number32
JournalCurrent Psychiatry Reports
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Body dissatisfaction
  • Male body image
  • Male eating disorders
  • Muscularity
  • Muscularity-oriented disordered eating

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