Mindfulness, body image, and drive for muscularity in men

Jason M. Lavender*, Kim L. Gratz, Drew A. Anderson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Studies have shown that dispositional mindfulness, a construct characterized by awareness and attention to present moment experiences, is associated with body image constructs in women. However, little is known about the relationship between dispositional mindfulness and body image among men. Therefore, this study examined the unique associations between dispositional mindfulness and three body image variables in men: overall appearance evaluation, satisfaction with distinct body areas, and drive for muscularity. Undergraduate men (. N=. 296) completed the Multidimensional Body Self-Relations Questionnaire-Appearance Scales, the Drive for Muscularity Scale, the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale, and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule. A series of hierarchical regression analyses revealed that mindfulness was uniquely associated with all three body image variables after accounting for body mass index and negative affect. Results are discussed with regard to the potential role of dispositional mindfulness in body dissatisfaction among men.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-292
Number of pages4
JournalBody Image
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Appearance evaluation
  • Body image
  • Drive for muscularity
  • Men
  • Mindfulness


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