Mitochondrial proteomic analysis of cisplatin resistance in ovarian cancer

Nicole P. Chappell, Pang Ning Teng, Brian L. Hood, Guisong Wang, Kathleen M. Darcy, Chad A. Hamilton, G. Larry Maxwell, Thomas P. Conrads*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the leading cause of death among women with gynecologic malignancies and accounts for approximately 6% of cancer deaths among women. Cisplatin and its analogues form the backbone of the most active chemotherapy regimens in advanced EOC; however, development of platinum resistance is common and typically marks a transition in which curing the patient is no longer possible. An emerging theme in many cancers is that mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to an aggressive carcinogenic phenotype. We hypothesized that changes in the mitochondrial proteome are required to support development of cisplatin resistance in human EOC. To investigate this hypothesis, an organellar proteomics approach was utilized to quantify alterations in protein abundance in mitochondria enriched from isogenic cisplatin-sensitive (A2780) and -resistant (A2780-CP20) human EOC cells. Protein isolates from mitochondria-enriched fractions were analyzed by high resolution liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), and relative abundance of identified proteins was quantified by spectral counting. Pathway analyses revealed significant increases in notch signaling pathways, cell survival, and alternate apoptotic pathways in the A2780-CP20 subtype. Among the alterations identified in the mitochondrial proteomic composition in cisplatin-resistant EOC cells, activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule (AKAP12) and A kinase anchoring protein 12 (AKAP12) were elevated, while nestin was diminished in the mitochondrial fraction of A2780-CP20 relative to A2780. This was verified by immunoblot analysis. These results confirm that important changes in the mitochondrial proteome, many of which promote evasion of apoptosis and tumor invasiveness and metastasis, are present in cisplatin-resistant EOC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4605-4614
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Proteome Research
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Sep 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cisplatin
  • mitochondria
  • ovarian cancer
  • proteomics
  • resistance

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