MobilePTX: Sparse Coding for Pneumothorax Detection Given Limited Training Examples

Darryl Hannan, Steven C. Nesbit, Ximing Wen, Glen Smith, Qiao Zhang, Alberto Goffi, Vincent Chan, Michael J. Morris, John C. Hunninghake, Nicholas E. Villalobos, Edward Kim, Rosina O. Weber, Christopher J. MacLellan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Point-of-Care Ultrasound (POCUS) refers to clinician-performed and interpreted ultrasonography at the patient's bedside. Interpreting these images requires a high level of expertise, which may not be available during emergencies. In this paper, we support POCUS by developing classifiers that can aid medical professionals by diagnosing whether or not a patient has pneumothorax. We decomposed the task into multiple steps, using YOLOv4 to extract relevant regions of the video and a 3D sparse coding model to represent video features. Given the difficulty in acquiring positive training videos, we trained a small-data classifier with a maximum of 15 positive and 32 negative examples. To counteract this limitation, we leveraged subject matter expert (SME) knowledge to limit the hypothesis space, thus reducing the cost of data collection. We present results using two lung ultrasound datasets and demonstrate that our model is capable of achieving performance on par with SMEs in pneumothorax identification. We then developed an iOS application that runs our full system in less than 4 seconds on an iPad Pro, and less than 8 seconds on an iPhone 13 Pro, labeling key regions in the lung sonogram to provide interpretable diagnoses.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAAAI-23 Special Programs, IAAI-23, EAAI-23, Student Papers and Demonstrations
EditorsBrian Williams, Yiling Chen, Jennifer Neville
PublisherAAAI Press
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781577358800
StatePublished - 27 Jun 2023
Externally publishedYes
Event37th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI 2023 - Washington, United States
Duration: 7 Feb 202314 Feb 2023

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 37th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI 2023


Conference37th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited States


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