Half of the global population is at risk for malaria, which results in nearly one million deaths annually, 86 % of which are in children . Plasmodium falciparum, the most important human malaria parasite, is transmitted by female Anopheles mosquitoes. Parasite development in the mosquito begins with the ingestion of blood containing sexualstage gametocytes. Mobile ookinetes penetrate the midgut epithelium 24-36 h later and transform into midgut-bound oocysts within the open circulatory system of the mosquito. Oocysts grow and develop for 10-12 days and then release thousands of sporozoites, which invade the salivary glands and are released during later blood feeding by the mosquito.
|Title of host publication||Complex Systems and Computational Biology Approaches to Acute Inflammation|
|Publisher||Springer New York|
|Number of pages||15|
|ISBN (Print)||1461480078, 9781461480075|
|State||Published - 1 May 2013|