C3H/HeJ mice were injected i.v. with soluble herpes simplex virus (HSV) envelope antigens coupled to syngeneic splenocytes 7 days before challenge i.p. with either soluble HSV antigens in complete Freund's adjuvant or infectious HSV. Fourteen days post challenge, an anti-HSV antibody hyporesponsiveness was observed in the HSV modified-self pretreated animals that was 50% or less than the control response. Both forms of HSV challenge were equally effective. This unresponsiveness was specific for HSV when compared with a concomitant response to chicken red blood cell (CRBC) challenge. Challenge with infectious HSV afforded us the opportunity to investigate the effect of HSV modified-self pretreatment on the induction of HSV-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). In vitro restimulation of in vivo-primed splenocytes with infectious HSV generated HSV-specific CTL. The degree of HSV-specific CTL response was found to be variable in animals that received the HSV modified-self pretreatment with respect to control animals. Survival was significantly greater in HSV modified-self pretreated mice after infectious HSV challenge than in control animals.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1984|