Molecular epidemiology of early and acute HIV type 1 infections in the United States Navy and Marine Corps, 2005-2010

Richard A. Heipertz, Eric Sanders-Buell, Gustavo Kijak, Shana Howell, Michelle Lazzaro, Linda L. Jagodzinski, John Eggleston, Sheila Peel, Jennifer Malia, Adam Armstrong, Nelson L. Michael, Jerome H. Kim, Robert J. O'Connell, Paul T. Scott, David M. Brett-Major, Sodsai Tovanabutra*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The U.S. military represents a unique population within the human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) pandemic. The last comprehensive study of HIV-1 in members of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps (Sea Services) was completed in 2000, before large-scale combat operations were taking place. Here, we present molecular characterization of HIV-1 from 40 Sea Services personnel who were identified during their seroconversion window and initially classified as HIV-1 negative during screening. Protease/reverse transcriptase (pro/rt) and envelope (env) sequences were obtained from each member of the cohort. Phylogenetic analyses were carried out on these regions to determine relatedness within the cohort and calculate the most recent common ancestor for the related sequences. We identified 39 individuals infected with subtype B and one infected with CRF01-AE. Comparison of the pairwise genetic distance of Sea Service sequences and reference sequences in the env and pro/rt regions showed that five samples were part of molecular clusters, a group of two and a group of three, confirmed by single genome amplification. Real-time molecular monitoring of new HIV-1 acquisitions in the Sea Services may have a role in facilitating public health interventions at sites where related HIV-1 infections are identified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1310-1320
Number of pages11
JournalAIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2013


Dive into the research topics of 'Molecular epidemiology of early and acute HIV type 1 infections in the United States Navy and Marine Corps, 2005-2010'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this