Trauma is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. It is unclear why some trauma victims follow a complicated clinical course and die, while others, with apparently similar injury characteristics, do not. Interpatient genomic differences, in the form of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), have been associated previously with adverse outcomes after trauma. Recently, we identified seven novel SNPs associated with mortality following trauma. The aim of the present study was to determine if one or more of these SNPs was also associated with worse clinical outcomes and altered inflammatory trajectories in trauma survivors. Accordingly, of 413 trauma survivors, DNA samples, full blood samples, and clinical data were collected at multiple time points in the first 24 h and then daily over 7 days following hospital admission. Subsequently, single-SNP groups were created and outcomes, such as hospital length of stay (LOS), ICU LOS, and requirement for mechanical ventilation, were compared. Across a broad range of Injury Severity Scores (ISS), patients carrying the rs2065418 TT SNP in the metallophosphoesterase domain-containing 2 (MPPED2) gene exhibited higher Marshall MODScores vs. the control group of rs2065418 TG/GG patients. In patients with high-severity trauma (ISS ≥ 25, n = 94), those carrying the rs2065418 TT SNP in MPPED2 exhibited higher Marshall MODScores, longer hospital LOS (21.8 ± 2 days), a greater requirement for mechanical ventilation (9.2 ± 1.4 days on ventilator, DOV), and higher creatinine plasma levels over 7 days vs. the control group of rs2065418 TG/GG high-severity trauma patients (LOS: 15.9 ± 1.2 days, p = 0.03; DOV: 5.7 ± 1 days, p = 0.04; plasma creatinine; p < 0.0001 MODScore: p = 0.0003). Furthermore, rs2065418 TT patients with ISS ≥ 25 had significantly different plasma levels of nine circulating inflammatory mediators and elevated dynamic network complexity. These studies suggest that the rs2065418 TT genotype in the MPPED2 gene is associated with altered systemic inflammation, increased organ dysfunction, and greater hospital resource utilization. A screening for this specific SNP at admission might stratify severely injured patients regarding their lung and kidney function and clinical complications.
- systems biology