Multilayer Scaling of a Biomimetic Microfluidic Oxygenator

Else M. Vedula, Brett C. Isenberg, Jose Santos, Wei Xuan Lai, Diana J. Lewis, David Sutherland, Teryn R. Roberts, George T. Harea, Christian Wells, Bryan Teece, Joseph Urban, Thomas Risoleo, Derek Solt, Sahar Leazer, Kevin Chung, Sivaprasad Sukavaneshvar, Andriy I. Batchinsky, Jeffrey T. Borenstein*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been advancing rapidly due to a combination of rising rates of acute and chronic lung diseases as well as significant improvements in the safety and efficacy of this therapeutic modality. However, the complexity of the ECMO blood circuit, and challenges with regard to clotting and bleeding, remain as barriers to further expansion of the technology. Recent advances in microfluidic fabrication techniques, devices, and systems present an opportunity to develop new solutions stemming from the ability to precisely maintain critical dimensions such as gas transfer membrane thickness and blood channel geometries, and to control levels of fluid shear within narrow ranges throughout the cartridge. Here, we present a physiologically inspired multilayer microfluidic oxygenator device that mimics physiologic blood flow patterns not only within individual layers but throughout a stacked device. Multiple layers of this microchannel device are integrated with a three-dimensional physiologically inspired distribution manifold that ensures smooth flow throughout the entire stacked device, including the critical entry and exit regions. We then demonstrate blood flows up to 200 ml/min in a multilayer device, with oxygen transfer rates capable of saturating venous blood, the highest of any microfluidic oxygenator, and a maximum blood flow rate of 480 ml/min in an eight-layer device, higher than any yet reported in a microfluidic device. Hemocompatibility and large animal studies utilizing these prototype devices are planned. Supplemental Visual Abstract,

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1312-1319
Number of pages8
JournalASAIO Journal
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • microfluidics
  • multilayer
  • oxygenator
  • scaling
  • transfer


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