Multiple Myeloma in Adolescent and Young Adults: An ASCO CancerLinQ and SEER Analysis

Steven Gibson, Jennifer Thornton, Kevin Sunderland, Kevin Pham, Christin DeStefano*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Multiple myeloma (MM) is exceedingly rare in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) < 45 years of age. Methods: Real-world data from ASCO's CancerLinQ Discovery (CLQD) MM dataset and SEER were utilized to characterize demographics and outcomes of AYA MM patients in the United States in the modern treatment era. Frequencies of SPMs, VTEs, and infections were assessed, as were OS and cause of death. Results: A total of 1946 AYA MM patients from SEER and 1334 from CancerLinQ were included. In terms of SPMs, AYAs were more likely to develop ALL (RR 2.6, P = .003) and AML (RR 1.7, P = .034), and less likely to develop nonmelanoma skin cancer (RR 0.2, P = .001) and prostate cancer (RR 0.1, P = .013) than MM patients ≥ 45. AYAs were at lower risk of VTE (RR 0.75, P = .002) and slightly higher risk of infections (RR 1.11, P = .002). Median OS among AYA MM patients was significantly longer than MM patients ≥ 45 in both datasets. In the SEER cohort, female sex (HR 0.74, P = .003), non-Hispanic ethnicity (HR 0.73, P = .005), and annual household income ≥ $65,000 per year (HR 0.67, P = .001) were associated with lower hazards of mortality. In the CLQD cohort, OS was significantly influenced by female sex (HR 0.6, P = .048). Race did not have a statistically significant impact OS in either cohort. Most AYAs died of MM (68.3%), other primary malignancy (7.5%, mostly leukemia), and cardiovascular events (5.2%). Infections accounted for 3.2% of deaths. Conclusion: This analysis highlights some unique characteristics of AYA MM patients in the United States in the modern era.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e335-e340
JournalClinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia
Volume23
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescent/Young Adult
  • plasma cell disorder

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