Next-Generation REBOA (Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta) Device Precisely Achieves Targeted Regional Optimization in a Porcine Model of Hemorrhagic Shock

Jeanette E. Polcz, Alley E. Ronaldi, Marta Madurska, Peter Bedocs, Lai Yee Leung, David M. Burmeister, Paul W. White, Todd E. Rasmussen, Joseph M. White*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Limitations such as time-dependent distal ischemia have slowed the adoption of resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) for noncompressible hemorrhage. Next-generation REBOA technologies may allow for controlled partial flow, known as targeted regional optimization, to reduce distal ischemia. We aimed to characterize the efficacy of one such catheter in a porcine model of lethal hemorrhagic shock. Methods: Noncompressible hemorrhage from an iliac injury was induced in anesthetized swine (Sus scrofa) (70-90 kg), targeting 30% total blood volume. Animals were then randomized to partial aortic occlusion (PO) with targeted distal mean arterial pressure (MAP) of 35-40 mm of mercury (mm Hg) and complete aortic occlusion (CO) (n = 8 per group) for 90 min. All groups were then resuscitated during a two-h critical care (CC) phase, with flow rate and MAP recorded continuously at the distal infrarenal aorta and proximal carotid artery, and analyzed with two-way repeated measures analysis of variance with S-N-K post-hoc test. Results: During aortic occlusion, MAP distal to the balloon was consistently maintained at 35.8 ± 0.3 mm Hg in the PO group compared to 27.1 ± 0.3 mm Hg in the CO group (P < 0.05), which also corresponded to higher flow rates (202.9 ± 4.8 mL/min PO versus 25.9 ± 0.8 mL/min CO; P < 0.05). MAP proximal to the balloon was significantly higher with CO versus PO (109.2 ± 2.3 mm Hg versus 85.2 ± 2.3 mm Hg; P < 0.05). During the CC phase, distal aortic flow and MAP were not significantly different between groups. However, creatinine returned to baseline levels by the end of the study in the PO group, but not the CO group. One animal died in the CO group, whereas none died in the PO group. Conclusions: This is the first examination of the next-generation pREBOA-PRO in a porcine model of lethal hemorrhagic shock. We show technical feasibility of this technique to precisely achieve targeted regional optimization without device failure or complication. The ability to titrate balloon inflation and thus distal flow/pressure may extend the therapeutic window of REBOA by mitigating distal ischemia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume280
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

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