NO produced by both iNOS and eNOS plays many important roles in wound healing, from the inflammatory phase through to scar remodeling. NO has cytostatic, chemotactic, and vasodilatory effects during early wound repair, regulates proliferation and differentiation of several cell types, modulates collagen deposition and angiogenesis, and affects wound contraction. The data accumulated thus far indicates that the timing, level, and site of NO production are highly coordinated in normal wound repair. Defining states resulting from either inadequate substrate or depressed enzyme expression appear to contribute to impaired wound repair; however, NO represents only one factor in the complex process of wound healing. Approaches to improve NO availability may be of therapeutic value.