Non-surgical Management of Phantom Limb Pain: Current and Emerging Clinical Approaches

Amy L. de Jongh Curry, Morgan E. Hunt, Paul F. Pasquina, Robert S. Waters, Jack W. Tsao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Purpose of Review: This article focuses on a review of the non-surgical treatment options for patients with phantom limb pain (PLP). Recent Findings: Based on a review of the published literature over the past 5 years, the most promising evidenced-based therapies involve sensory feedback to the user through either visual or tactile stimulation. Summary: Of these, the most effective therapies include mirror therapy, phantom motor imagery, and phantom motor execution and, therefore, should be considered when treating individuals with PLP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-24
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Amputation
  • Mirror therapy
  • Phantom limb pain
  • Phantom motor execution
  • Phantom motor imagery


Dive into the research topics of 'Non-surgical Management of Phantom Limb Pain: Current and Emerging Clinical Approaches'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this