Objective Effects of Breast Reduction Surgery on Physical Fitness

Jennifer A. Knox, D. Alan Nelson, Kerry P. Latham, Lianne M. Kurina*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Reduction mammaplasty is known for excellent outcomes and patient satisfaction. Although patients report improvements in pain, weight loss, and exercise levels, objective data on physical fitness benefits are limited. Methods Using the Stanford Military Data Repository, we identified 89 US Army active duty women with at least 1 pre- A nd postoperative Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) who underwent reduction mammaplasty during 2011 to 2014. We used paired t tests to compare pre- A nd postoperative APFT score means and raw values for push-ups, sit-ups, and the 2-mile run. Results There were 56 subjects (62.9%) who improved in total APFT scores. Total score means increased from 235.9 preoperatively to 243.4 postoperatively (P = 0.0065). Of 28 subjects with at least 2 APFT scores before and after surgery, 20 (71.4%) improved in total scores. The subgroup's mean total score increased from 237.8 to 251.3 (P = 0.0009). Comparing individual pre- A nd postprocedure APFTs, all subjects demonstrated a mean 3.9% (SD, 0.1) improvement in total scores, and the subpopulation of 28 improved by 6.3% (SD, 0.1). In all events, mean performance values trended toward better postoperative scores. Differences were statistically significant for the total population for the number of sit-ups (P = 0.035), and, for the subgroup of 28, differences were statistically significant for the total score (P = 0.0009), sit-ups (P = 0.0002), and push-ups (P = 0.0134). Conclusions Reduction mammaplasty was associated with postoperative physical fitness improvements among US Army active duty women. Soldier data are useful for objectively assessing physical fitness effects of breast reduction surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-17
Number of pages4
JournalAnnals of Plastic Surgery
Volume80
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • breast reduction surgery
  • cohort study
  • military service members
  • physical fitness
  • reduction mammaplasty

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