Oncological safety of stromal vascular fraction enriched fat grafting in two-stage breast reconstruction after Nipple Sparing mastectomy: Long-term RESULTS of a prospective study

C. Calabrese, A. Kothari, S. Badylak, G. Di Taranto*, M. Marcasciano, S. Sordi, L. Barellini, F. Lo Torto, M. Tarallo, I. Gaggelli, G. D'ermo, A. Fausto, D. Casella, D. Ribuffo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Autologous fat transfer (AFT) is commonly used to treat implant palpability and prevent fibrosis and thinning in mastectomy skin flaps. A major limit to this procedure is volume retention over time, leading to the introduction of fat enrichment with stromal vascular fraction (SVF+AFT). Oncological concerns have been raised over the injection of an increased concentration of progenitors cells (ASCs) in the SVF. The aim of the study is to evaluate the long-term cancer recurrence risk of SVF+AFT cases compared to AFT, in patients undergoing Nipple Sparing Mastectomy (NSM). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective study was designed to compare three groups of patients undergoing NSM followed by SVF+AFT, AFT or none (control group), after a two-stage breast reconstruction. Patients were strictly followed-up for at least 5-years from the second stage reconstructive procedure. Loco-regional and systemic recurrence rate were evaluated over time as the primary outcome. Logistic regression was used to investigate which factors were associated with recurrence events and independent variables of interest were: surgical technique, age above 50 years old, lympho-vascular invasion, oncological stage, adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy, adjuvant radiotherapy and adjuvant hormone therapy. RESULTS: 41 women were included in G1 (SVF+AFT), 64 in G2 (AFT), and 64 in G3 (control group). Loco-regional recurrence rate was 2.4% for G1, 4.7% for G2, and 1.6% for G3. Systemic recurrence was 7.3%, 3.1%, and 3.1%, respectively. Among the variables included, there were no significant risk factors influencing a recurrence event, either loco-regional or systemic. In particular, SVF+AFT (G1) did not increase the oncological recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that both centrifuged and SVF-enhanced fat transfer have a similar safety level in comparison to patients who did not undergo fat grafting in breast reconstruction after NSM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4768-4777
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Volume22
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adipose derived stem cells
  • Breast cancer
  • Enriched fat grafting
  • Fat grafting
  • Oncological safety
  • SVF
  • Stromal vascular fraction

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