Outcomes of Arterial Bypass With the Human Acellular Vessel for Chronic Limb-Threatening Ischemia Performed Under the FDA Expanded Access Program

Indrani Sen, W. Darrin Clouse, Alexis L. Lauria, Daniel R. Calderon, Peter B. Anderson, Randall R. DeMartino, Todd E. Rasmussen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To report outcomes of the human acellular vessel (HAV) implanted for limb salvage through the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Expanded Access Program for patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia with no autologous conduit. Methods: The HAV is a bioengineered vascular conduit designed with human vascular smooth muscle cells. The product is under regulatory study. From April 2019 to November 2021, the HAV was implanted in 14 patients (12 men; mean age, 62±14 years) at 3 US centers. Each case was performed with a single-use investigational new drug Expanded Access Program issued by the FDA. Institutional review board approval was obtained; technical and clinical outcomes were analyzed. Results: A single 6-mm-diameter (40-cm-long) HAV was implanted in 9 patients; 5 patients required 2 HAVs sewn together as a composite. Technical success was 100%. Median follow-up was 12 (range, 1 to 41) months. Primary and secondary patency rates were 72% and 81% at 12 months; assisted primary patency was attained in 4 patients. Amputation-free survival was 93% at 6 months and 77% at 12 months. All patients with a patent HAV experienced clinical improvement with no HAV-related infections or adverse events. There were 4 deaths in the cohort, late mortality unrelated to the HAV. Conclusion: The HAV is a safe and effective “off-the-shelf” biologic conduit. This experience from the FDA Expanded Access Program in this population with few alternative limb salvage options will help guide regulatory deliberations for patients with lower extremity ischemia and no autologous bypass conduit options.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMayo Clinic Proceedings
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

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