Outcomes of elderly patients with nondisplaced or minimally displaced femoral neck fractures treated with internal fixation: A systematic review and meta-analysis

A. L. Overmann, J. T. Richards, N. N. O'Hara, J. C. D'Alleyrand, G. P. Slobogean*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Internal fixation remains the treatment of choice for non-displaced femoral neck fractures in elderly patients. Improved outcomes with arthroplasty following displaced femoral neck fractures may indicate that outcomes of non-displaced patterns should be reexamined. The aim of our study was to conduct a systematic review of the orthopaedic literature to determine the outcomes of internal fixation for the treatment of non-displaced and minimally displaced femoral neck fractures in elderly patients. Methods: Relevant articles were identified using PubMed, Embase, and CENTRAL databases. Manuscripts were included if they contained (1) patients 60 years or older with (2) nondisplaced or minimally displaced (Garden I or II) femoral neck fractures (3) treated with internal fixation (4) separately reported outcomes in this patient population. The primary outcome was reoperation. Secondary outcomes included mortality, patient-reported outcomes, length of hospitalization, infection, and transfusions. Fixed and random effects modeling was used to determine pooled estimates of the outcomes. Results: Twenty-seven studies were identified with a total of 21,155 patients, all of which were treated with internal fixation. The pooled risk of reoperation was 14.1% (95% CI: 10.6–18.2). The risk of one-year mortality was 14.6% (95% CI: 11.5–18.2) based on the reporting in 15 studies. Conclusions: The risk of reoperation and mortality following the treatment of nondisplaced femoral neck fractures in the elderly with internal fixation exceeds 14%. This complication profile may be unacceptably high. Arthroplasty may offer improved short-term functional outcomes and a reduced risk of reoperation. However, there is currently little evidence to consider this treatment to be an alternative to internal fixation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2158-2166
Number of pages9
JournalInjury
Volume50
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Elderly
  • Femoral neck fracture
  • Fracture
  • Internal fixation
  • Minimally displaced
  • Nondisplaced
  • Osteoporosis

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Outcomes of elderly patients with nondisplaced or minimally displaced femoral neck fractures treated with internal fixation: A systematic review and meta-analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this