Severe traumatic brain injury has historically been a non-survivable injury. Recent advances in neurosurgical care, however, have demonstrated that these patients not only can survive, but they also can recover functionally when they undergo appropriate cerebral decompression within hours of injury. At the present, general surgeons are deployed further forward than neurosurgeons (Role 2 compared to Role 3) and have been provided with guidelines that stipulate conditions where they may have to perform decompressive craniectomies. Unfortunately, Role 2 medical facilities do not have access to computed tomography imaging or intracranial pressure monitoring capabilities rendering the decision to proceed with craniectomy based solely on exam findings. Utilizing a case transferred from downrange to our institution, we demonstrate the utility of a small, highly portable quantitative pupillometer to obtain reliable and reproducible data about a patient's intracranial pressures. Following the case presentation, the literature supporting quantitative pupillometry for surgical decision-making is reviewed.