Partial vs Full Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta (REBOA) in a Swine Model of Raised Intracranial Pressure and Hemorrhagic Shock

Joseph Edwards, Hossam Abdou, David P. Stonko, Rebecca N. Treffalls, Noha Elansary, Eric Lang, Jonathan J. Morrison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Partial resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (pREBOA) is a potential method to mitigate the ischemia observed in full REBOA (fREBOA). However, the effect of pREBOA on cerebral perfusion in the setting of raised intracranial pressure (rICP) is unknown. The aim was to evaluate the effects of no REBOA (nREBOA) vs pREBOA vs fREBOA on cerebral perfusion in a swine model of rICP and hemorrhagic shock. STUDY DESIGN: Anesthetized swine (n = 18) underwent instrumentation. Controlled hemorrhage was performed over 30 minutes. rICP was achieved using an intracranial Fogarty catheter inflated to achieve an ICP of 20 mmHg. Animals underwent intervention for 30 minutes, followed by resuscitation. The primary outcome was cerebral perfusion measured by ICP (millimeters of mercury), cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP; millimeters of mercury), and cerebral blood flow (CBF; milliliters per minute per 100 g) derived from CT perfusion. The secondary outcomes included hemodynamics and lactate (millimoles per liter). RESULTS: The peak ICP of pREBOA animals (22.7 ± 2.5) was significantly lower than nREBOA and fREBOA. pREBOA CPP was significantly higher compared with nREBOA and fREBOA during resuscitation. The pREBOA CBF was greater during intervention and resuscitation compared with nREBOA (p < 0.001). Systolic blood pressure was similar between pREBOA and fREBOA, and coronary perfusion was significantly greater in pREBOA. fREBOA had significantly higher lactate during the intervention (9.3 ± 1.3) and resuscitation (8.9 ± 3.5) compared with nREBOA and pREBOA. CONCLUSION: pREBOA produced greater cerebral perfusion, as demonstrated by more favorable CPP, CBF, and ICP values. fREBOA was associated with metabolic derangement and diminished pressure during resuscitation. pREBOA is superior to fREBOA in a swine model and should be considered over fREBOA for aortic occlusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-252
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American College of Surgeons
Volume236
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2023
Externally publishedYes

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