Pegylated, steptavidin-conjugated quantum dots are effective detection elements for reverse-phase protein microarrays

David Geho, Nicholas Lahar, Prem Gurnani, Michael Huebschman, Paul Herrmann, Virginia Espina, Alice Shi, Julia Wulfkuhle, Harold Garner, Emanuel Petricoin, Lance A. Liotta, Kevin P. Rosenblatt*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

121 Scopus citations


Protein microarray technologies provide a means of investigating the proteomic content of clinical biopsy specimens in order to determine the relative activity of key nodes within cellular signaling pathways. A particular kind of protein microarray, the reverse-phase microarray, is being evaluated in clinical trials because of its potential to utilize limited amounts of cellular material obtained through biopsy. Using this approach, cellular lysates are arrayed in dilution curves on nitrocellulose substrates for subsequent probing with antibodies. To improve the sensitivity and utility of reverse-phase microarrays, we tested whether a new reporter technology as well as a new detection instrument could enhance microarray performance. We describe the use of an inorganic fluorescent nanoparticle conjugated to streptavidin, Qdot 655 Sav, in a reverse-phase protein microarray format for signal pathway profiling. Moreover, a pegylated form of this bioconjugate, Qdot 655 Sav, is found to have superior detection characteristics in assays performed on cellular protein extracts over the nonpegylated form of the bioconjugate. Hyperspectral imaging of the quantum dot microarray enabled unamplified detection of signaling proteins within defined cellular lysates, which indicates that this approach may be amenable to multiplexed, high-throughput reverse-phase protein microarrays in which numerous analytes are measured in parallel within a single spot.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-566
Number of pages8
JournalBioconjugate Chemistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes


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