Purpose: Documenting do-not-resuscitate (DNR) status in the surgical intensive care unit (ICU) can be controversial; some providers believe that DNR orders change care. This survey evaluates current perceptions. Materials and methods: IRB approved survey consisting of 31 validated questions divided into 3 factors (1. palliation, 2. active treatment, and 3. trust/communication). Individual questions were compared using Fisher's exact-tests and factors were compared via t-tests. Results: Both surgical and ICU staff believe care decreases after DNR order initiation (43%). More surgical staff report decreased care aggressiveness versus ICU staff (63% vs 25%, p < 0.005 and Factor 2, 25.8 versus 29.8, p < 0.001), and felt that electrical cardioversion outside of the setting of ACLS would not be performed (57% vs 24%, p < 0.005). Conclusions: Surgical staff expressed more concern about care after DNR status than their ICU counterparts. Determining whether care actually changes clinically warrants further investigation.
- Advance care planning
- Advance directives
- Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
- Critical care
- Resuscitation orders