Prostaglandins have been shown to have a wide range of effects on nitric oxide synthesis when studied in different cell populations. The proximity of hepatocytes to eicosanoid-producing endothelial cells and Kupffer cells prompted us to determine the effects of PGE2 and LTB4 on hepatocyte NO production by the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS, NOS-2) in vitro. PGE2 decreased hepatocyte NO synthesis in a concentration-dependent manner when the cells were stimulated with a combination of cytokines or IL-1 alone. LTB4 had a similar effect. PGE2 had to be present at the time of cytokine exposure to produce maximal inhibition of NO synthesis. Reduced synthesis of NO2 was associated with reduced NOS-2 mRNA levels suggesting that the induction of NOS-2 was inhibited. These findings demonstrate that eicosanoids can regulate hepatocyte NO synthesis in vitro.
- free radicals
- gene regulation