PURPOSE: To investigate the safety, activity, and potential biomarkers of response to olaparib and carboplatin combination in sporadic triple negative breast cancer (TNBC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Metastatic or recurrent TNBC patients with no germline BRCA mutation or with BRCAPro scores < 10% and a negative family history were eligible. A 3+3 dose escalation tested olaparib capsules (400mg bid, days1-7) with carboplatin AUC3-5 on day1 or 2 every 21 days, ≤ 8 cycles, with olaparib 400mg bid maintenance. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were collected for polymorphisms and PAR levels, and paired tumor biopsies (pre-/post-cycle 1) for proteomics and apoptosis endpoints. RESULTS: 28 women were treated (median 5 prior regimens [0-12]). Doselimiting toxicity was thrombocytopenia, and symptomatic hyponatremia with carboplatin AUC5. The maximum tolerated dose was olaparib 400mg bid+carboplatin AUC4. Grade 3 and 4 adverse events included neutropenia (36%), thrombocytopenia (11%), and anemia (11%). Responses included 1 complete response (CR; 69+months) and 5/27 partial responses (19%; median 4months [4-7]), for a response rate of 22%. Biomarker findings did not correlate with response. The long-term CR patient with prior negative BRCA testing was found to have deletion of BRCA1 exons1-2. CONCLUSIONS: The olaparib/carboplatin combination is tolerable and has modest activity in sporadic TNBC patients. Further evaluation of predictive biomarkers to identify those with BRCA wild type who had response is warranted.
- Triple negative breast cancer