Purpose: LMB-100 is a recombinant immunotoxin (iTox) consisting of a mesothelin-binding Fab for targeting and a modified Pseudomonas exotoxin A payload. Preclinical studies showed that combining taxanes with iTox results in synergistic antitumor activity. The objectives of this phase I/II study were to determine the MTD of LMB-100 when administered with nanoalbumin bound (nab)-paclitaxel to patients with previously treated advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma and to assess the objective response rate. Patients and Methods: Patients (n ¼ 20) received fixed-dose nab-paclitaxel (125 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8) with LMB-100 (65 or 100 mg/kg on days 1, 3, and 5) in 21-day cycles for 1–3 cycles. Results: Fourteen patients were treated on the dose escalation and an additional six in the phase II expansion. MTD of 65 mg/kg was established for the combination. Dose-limiting toxicity resulting from capillary leak syndrome (CLS) was seen in two of five patients treated at 100 mg/kg and one of six evaluable phase I patients receiving the MTD. Severity of CLS was associated with increases in apoptotic circulating endothelial cells. LMB-100 exposure was unaffected by anti-LMB-100 antibody formation in five of 13 patients during cycle 2. Seven of 17 evaluable patients experienced >50% decrease in CA 19-9, including three with previous exposure to nab-paclitaxel. One patient developed an objective partial response. Patients with biomarker responses had higher tumor mesothelin expression. Conclusions: Although clinical activity was observed, the combination was not well tolerated and alternative drug combinations with LMB-100 will be pursued.