PHQ-9 and GAD-7 Score Response After Parathyroidectomy for Primary Hyperparathyroidism: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

John Caraway, Matthew Ryan, Alex Yang, Nora Watson, Rhonda Allard, Michael Orestes*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Currently, the relationship between parathyroidectomy and objective neuropsychiatric outcomes are not clearly defined. The purpose of this study is to perform the first ever Meta-analysis of preoperative and postoperative PHQ-9 and GAD-7 scores in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism undergoing parathyroidectomy with the goal of identifying a specific psychometric score that could be used as an indication for surgical intervention. Data Sources: A comprehensive search of the literature was performed using PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Ovid All EBM Reviews. Review Methods: Studies met inclusion criteria if they evaluated preoperative and postoperative PHQ-9 and/or GAD-7 scores in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism undergoing parathyroidectomy. Random effects Meta-analyses were used to analyze the compiled data. Results: The literature search returned 1433 articles for initial review of which 6 (1105 participants) met criteria for inclusion and Meta-analysis. Meta-analysis revealed that primary hyperparathyroidism patients had significantly higher presurgical PHQ-9 scores when compared to control groups. Additionally, patients experienced a statistically significant and sustained decrease in PHQ-9 scores following parathyroidectomy. Notably, there was a dramatic decrease in the percentage of patients with PHQ-9 scores ≥10 (considered clinically significant for depression) following parathyroidectomy. Conclusion: Patients with primary hyperparathyroidism experience a statistically significant and sustained improvement in PHQ-9 scores following parathyroidectomy. Additionally, symptoms of anxiety and suicidal ideation appear to decrease after parathyroidectomy. We propose that a PHQ-9 score ≥10 could potentially be used as an indication for parathyroidectomy in patients with asymptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • GAD-7
  • PHQ-9
  • anxiety
  • depression
  • neuropsychiatric symptoms
  • parathyroidectomy
  • primary hyperparathyroidism
  • psychometric screeners

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