Piles of defeat - Napoleon at Waterloo

David R. Welling, Bruce G. Wolff*, Roger R. Dozois

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Major events of history have frequently turned on seemingly trivial matters. One such situation involves Napoleon Bonaparte at Waterloo. Napoleon was not feeling well on the day of the battle of Waterloo, despite fighting well at Ligny, a few days before the last, dramatic June 18 battle. There is considerable indication that Napoleon was bothered by very painful thrombosed hemorrhoids. Did this affect his generaship that day? What is the evidence that Napoleon was afflicted with thrombosed hemorrhoids? What contribution could this factor have made to the French defeat at Waterloo?

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-305
Number of pages3
JournalDiseases of the Colon and Rectum
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1988
Externally publishedYes


  • Napoleon
  • Napoleon's hemorrhoidal disease
  • Waterloo


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