Pilot study of an integrated smartphone and breathalyzer contingency management intervention for alcohol use

Oladunni Oluwoye*, Hailey Reneau, Jalene Herron, Karl C. Alcover, Sterling McPherson, John Roll, Michael G. McDonell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction:Monitoring devices provide a platform for assessing alcohol use and implementing alcohol interventions. This pilot study focused on assessing the early-stage feasibility and usability of a smartphone-based application and breathalyzer used in a contingency management intervention for alcohol use.Methods:Six nontreatment-seeking participants completed a 9-week ABA within-subjects designed intervention targeting alcohol use. Participants submitted 2 to 8 alcohol breathalyzer samples per day and completed self-report drinking measures and usability assessments. During the A phases (weeks 1-3 and 8-9), participants received reinforces for submitting breathalyzer samples, regardless of their results. During the contingency management, B phase (weeks 4-7), and received reinforcers only when negative breathalyzer samples were submitted. Usability assessment of the application was also conducted during weeks 2 and 9.Results:Participants in the contingent B phase (49%) were more likely to submit alcohol-negative breathalyzer samples compared with the noncontingent A phases (27%; P < 0.001). Usability assessment of the application varied, and participants noted several technical concerns.Conclusion:The use of smartphones and breathalyzers may be a practical solution to extend the reach of contingency management during and after treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-198
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of addiction medicine
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • alcohol monitoring
  • alcohol use disorders
  • contingency management
  • mobile breathalyzer

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