Plasma IgG to Linear Epitopes in the V2 and V3 Regions of HIV-1 gp120 Correlate with a Reduced Risk of Infection in the RV144 Vaccine Efficacy Trial

Raphael Gottardo, Robert T. Bailer, Bette T. Korber, S. Gnanakaran, Joshua Phillips, Xiaoying Shen, Georgia D. Tomaras, Ellen Turk, Gregory Imholte, Larry Eckler, Holger Wenschuh, Johannes Zerweck, Kelli Greene, Hongmei Gao, Phillip W. Berman, Donald Francis, Faruk Sinangil, Carter Lee, Sorachai Nitayaphan, Supachai Rerks-NgarmJaranit Kaewkungwal, Punnee Pitisuttithum, James Tartaglia, Merlin L. Robb, Nelson L. Michael, Jerome H. Kim, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Barton F. Haynes, John R. Mascola, Steve Self, Peter Gilbert, David C. Montefiori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

196 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neutralizing and non-neutralizing antibodies to linear epitopes on HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins have potential to mediate antiviral effector functions that could be beneficial to vaccine-induced protection. Here, plasma IgG responses were assessed in three HIV-1 gp120 vaccine efficacy trials (RV144, Vax003, Vax004) and in HIV-1-infected individuals by using arrays of overlapping peptides spanning the entire consensus gp160 of all major genetic subtypes and circulating recombinant forms (CRFs) of the virus. In RV144, where 31.2% efficacy against HIV-1 infection was seen, dominant responses targeted the C1, V2, V3 and C5 regions of gp120. An analysis of RV144 case-control samples showed that IgG to V2 CRF01_AE significantly inversely correlated with infection risk (OR= 0.54, p=0.0042), as did the response to other V2 subtypes (OR=0.60-0.63, p=0.016-0.025). The response to V3 CRF01_AE also inversely correlated with infection risk but only in vaccine recipients who had lower levels of other antibodies, especially Env-specific plasma IgA (OR=0.49, p=0.007) and neutralizing antibodies (OR=0.5, p=0.008). Responses to C1 and C5 showed no significant correlation with infection risk. In Vax003 and Vax004, where no significant protection was seen, serum IgG responses targeted the same epitopes as in RV144 with the exception of an additional C1 reactivity in Vax003 and infrequent V2 reactivity in Vax004. In HIV-1 infected subjects, dominant responses targeted the V3 and C5 regions of gp120, as well as the immunodominant domain, heptad repeat 1 (HR-1) and membrane proximal external region (MPER) of gp41. These results highlight the presence of several dominant linear B cell epitopes on the HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins. They also generate the hypothesis that IgG to linear epitopes in the V2 and V3 regions of gp120 are part of a complex interplay of immune responses that contributed to protection in RV144.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere75665
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume8
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 26 Sep 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Plasma IgG to Linear Epitopes in the V2 and V3 Regions of HIV-1 gp120 Correlate with a Reduced Risk of Infection in the RV144 Vaccine Efficacy Trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this