Poor outcomes in elderly kidney transplant recipients receiving alemtuzumab induction

Frank P. Hurst*, Maria Altieri, Robert Nee, Lawrence Y. Agodoa, Kevin C. Abbott, Rahul M. Jindal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Introduction: Alemtuzumab and rabbit antithymocyte globulin (rATG) are being used with increasing frequency as induction agents in kidney transplantation. Using the US Renal Data Base System, we analyzed the safety profile of these agents in the elderly. Methods: In a cohort of patients transplanted from January 2000 to July 2009 and followed through 2009, we assessed the effect of induction on allograft loss and death among elderly recipients. Recipients were censored at dates of allograft loss, death or the end of study. Independent associations between induction agents and allograft loss or death were examined using multivariate analysis with forward stepwise Cox regression. Results: Among 130,402 patients with first transplants, 14,907 were age 65 years or older. 4,466 (30%), 3,049 (20.5%), 1,501 (10.1%), and 999 (6.7%) were induced with thymoglobulin, basiliximab, daclizumab, and alemtuzumab, respectively. After adjusting for baseline differences, induction with alemtuzumab was associated with an increased risk of graft loss and death, with an adjusted hazard ratio (AHR) of 1.26 (95% CI 1.08-1.48). Risk was also present at other age cutoffs [age >60 (AHR 1.16; 95% CI 1.03-1.31; p = 0.014), age >70 (AHR 1.43; 95% CI 1.13-1.81; p = 0.003) and age >75 (AHR 1.68; 95% CI 1.07-2.63; p = 0.024)]. Conclusions: In the elderly, alemtuzumab is associated with an escalating risk of death and graft loss in recipients of kidney transplantations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)534-541
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Nephrology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Alemtuzumab
  • Complications
  • Elderly recipients
  • Induction agents
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Kidney transplants
  • outcomes


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