Primary autologous as well as allogeneic and xenogeneic stroma will support human stem cell proliferation and differentiation for several months. In the present study, we investigated the capacity of porcine microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) together with combinations of cytokines (granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor [GM-CSF] + stem cell factor [SCF], interleukin-3 [IL-3] + SCF + IL-6, and GM-CSF + IL-3 + SCF + IL-6) to support the expansion and development of purified human CD34+ bone marrow cells. In short-term cultures (7 days), the greatest expansion of nonadherent hematopoietic cells and clonogenic progenitors was seen with CD34+ cells in direct contact with PMVEC monolayers (PMVEC contact), followed by PMVEC noncontact and liquid suspension cultures, respectively. Maximal expansion of nonadherent cells (42-fold) and total CD34+ cells (12.6-fold) occurred in PMVEC contact cultures treated with GM-CSF + IL-3 + SCF + IL-6, with similar increases in the number of granulocyte-macrophage colony-forming units (CFU- GM), CFU-mix, erythroid burst-forming units (BFU-E), CFU-blast and CFU- megakaryocyte (CFU-Mk) progenitor cells. Moreover, the number of CD34+ CD38- and CD34+ CD38+ cells increased 148.1-fold and 8.0-fold, respectively. Replating studies show that cells from day 7 dispersed blast cell colonies generated on cytokine-treated PMVEC monolayers have a high replating potential for multilineage progenitor cells. In long-term PMVEC contact cultures, CD34+ cells seeded onto PMVEC monolayers with GM-CSF + IL- 3 + SCF + IL-6 showed a total calculated expansion of over 5,000,000-fold of nonadherent cells over 35 days in culture. Maximal clonogenic cell production was observed at day 28, with 6,353-fold for total CFC and comparable increases for CFU-GM, CFU-mix, CFU-blast, BFU-E, and CFU-Mk. The total number of CD34+ cells increased 2,584-fold at day 28. Furthermore, the extended growth kinetics of these cultures indicates that these phenotypically primitive progenitor cells are also functionally expanded on PMVEC monolayers. These results support the hypothesis that direct contact with a PMVEC monolayer supports the initial expansion of hematopoietic progenitor cells with a high replating potential and, possibly, a more primitive phenotype (CD34+, CD34+/CD38-).
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - 1995|