Postpartum Care Utilization Among Women with Medicaid-Funded Live Births in Oregon

Cheryl L. Robbins*, Nicholas P. Deputy, Roshni Patel, Van T. Tong, Lisa P. Oakley, Jangho Yoon, Linh N. Bui, Jeff Luck, S. Marie Harvey

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Introduction: Postpartum care is an important strategy for preventing and managing chronic disease in women with pregnancy complications (i.e., gestational diabetes (GDM) and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP)). Methods: Using a population-based, cohort study among Oregon women with Medicaid-financed deliveries (2009–2012), we examined Medicaid-financed postpartum care (postpartum visits, contraceptive services, and routine preventive health services) among women who retained Medicaid coverage for at least 90 days after delivery (n = 74,933). We estimated postpartum care overall and among women with and without GDM and/or HDP using two different definitions: 1) excluding care provided on the day of delivery, and 2) including care on the day of delivery. Pearson chi-square tests were used to assess differential distributions in postpartum care by pregnancy complications (p <.05), and generalized estimating equations were used to calculate adjusted odds ratios (aORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: Of Oregon women who retained coverage through 90 days after delivery, 56.6–78.1% (based on the two definitions) received any postpartum care, including postpartum visits (26.5%-71.8%), contraceptive services (30.7–35.6%), or other routine preventive health services (38.5–39.1%). Excluding day of delivery services, the odds of receiving any postpartum care (aOR 1.26, 95% CI 1.08–1.47) or routine preventive services (aOR 1.32, 95% CI 1.14–1.53) were meaningfully higher among women with GDM and HDP (reference = neither). Discussion: Medicaid-financed postpartum care in Oregon was underutilized, it varied by pregnancy complications, and needs improvement. Postpartum care is important for all women and especially those with GDM or HDP, who may require chronic disease risk assessment, management, and referrals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1164-1173
Number of pages10
JournalMaternal and Child Health Journal
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Gestational diabetes
  • Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy
  • Medicaid
  • Postpartum care


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