Preintervention Computed Tomography Improves the Performance of Endovascular Intervention in Patients with Abdominopelvic Trauma

J. Reed McGraw, Jeremy W. Cannon, Gregory J. Nadolski, Stephen J. Hunt, Timothy W.I. Clark, Terence P.F. Gade*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose: To evaluate the role of computed tomography (CT) and CT angiography in guiding endovascular arteriography (EA) and embolization in hemodynamically (HD) stable and unstable patients with abdominal and/or pelvic (AP) trauma. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review was performed of patients with AP trauma who underwent EA with or without embolization (from January 2012 to August 2020) at an urban, level I trauma center. Patients aged <18 years or those undergoing EA outside of the abdomen and/or pelvis were excluded. Demographics, imaging findings, procedure length, contrast agent administration, laboratory values, and outcomes were compared on the basis of preprocedural imaging technique and hemodynamic status. Results: A total of 190 patients with AP trauma underwent EA with or without embolization; among them, 123 were HD stable and underwent CT/CT angiography, whereas 67 were initially HD unstable and underwent operative management prior to EA. Of these patients, 38 underwent CT/CT angiography after hemodynamic stability was achieved prior to postoperative EA. The incidence of therapeutic embolization for arterial injury on EA was significantly higher in patients with preprocedural CT/CT angiography (65.8% vs 44.8%, P = .04). The positive and negative predictive values of CT angiography for arterial injury at the time of EA were 92.3% and 100%, respectively. Prior imaging was associated with a reduced contrast agent requirement at the time of EA and reduced transfusion requirement (P = .05 and P = .02). No significant differences were observed in adverse outcomes for patients undergoing preprocedural imaging. Conclusions: CT or CT angiography prior to EA for HD stable and unstable patients with AP trauma may improve the likelihood of therapeutic embolization and enable improved procedure metrics without increasing adverse outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)979-986
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2022
Externally publishedYes


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