Purpose: To evaluate the role of computed tomography (CT) and CT angiography in guiding endovascular arteriography (EA) and embolization in hemodynamically (HD) stable and unstable patients with abdominal and/or pelvic (AP) trauma. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review was performed of patients with AP trauma who underwent EA with or without embolization (from January 2012 to August 2020) at an urban, level I trauma center. Patients aged <18 years or those undergoing EA outside of the abdomen and/or pelvis were excluded. Demographics, imaging findings, procedure length, contrast agent administration, laboratory values, and outcomes were compared on the basis of preprocedural imaging technique and hemodynamic status. Results: A total of 190 patients with AP trauma underwent EA with or without embolization; among them, 123 were HD stable and underwent CT/CT angiography, whereas 67 were initially HD unstable and underwent operative management prior to EA. Of these patients, 38 underwent CT/CT angiography after hemodynamic stability was achieved prior to postoperative EA. The incidence of therapeutic embolization for arterial injury on EA was significantly higher in patients with preprocedural CT/CT angiography (65.8% vs 44.8%, P = .04). The positive and negative predictive values of CT angiography for arterial injury at the time of EA were 92.3% and 100%, respectively. Prior imaging was associated with a reduced contrast agent requirement at the time of EA and reduced transfusion requirement (P = .05 and P = .02). No significant differences were observed in adverse outcomes for patients undergoing preprocedural imaging. Conclusions: CT or CT angiography prior to EA for HD stable and unstable patients with AP trauma may improve the likelihood of therapeutic embolization and enable improved procedure metrics without increasing adverse outcomes.