Preparedness of Military Public Health for Epidemic and Pandemic Recognition and Response

Pamela Krahl, Timothy Mallon, Joel Gaydos, Richard J. Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Disease epidemics have threatened American military preparedness and operational capabilities since 1775. The ongoing Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (COVID-19) pandemic, which began in 2019, again demonstrates the significant potential for infectious diseases to impact military units and threaten military readiness. We reviewed the historical and continuing threats to the U.S. Military from infectious disease outbreaks, as well as changes in U.S. Military capabilities for conducting meaningful surveillance and response. We concluded that a structured review of military public health and preventive medicine capabilities should be conducted to assess the response to the COVID-19 pandemic and determine the capabilities necessary for infectious disease surveillance and response to future threats.
Original languageAmerican English
Article numberPMID: 36307970
JournalMilitary Medicine
Early online date2022
StatePublished - 29 Oct 2022


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