Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment of VTE in Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019: CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report

Lisa K. Moores*, Tobias Tritschler, Shari Brosnahan, Marc Carrier, Jacob F. Collen, Kevin Doerschug, Aaron B. Holley, David Jimenez, Gregoire Le Gal, Parth Rali, Philip Wells

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

500 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Emerging evidence shows that severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can be complicated by a significant coagulopathy, that likely manifests in the form of both microthrombosis and VTE. This recognition has led to the urgent need for practical guidance regarding prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of VTE. Methods: A group of approved panelists developed key clinical questions by using the PICO (Population, Intervention, Comparator, Outcome) format that addressed urgent clinical questions regarding the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of VTE in patients with COVID-19. MEDLINE (via PubMed or Ovid), Embase, and Cochrane Controlled Register of Trials were systematically searched for relevant literature, and references were screened for inclusion. Validated evaluation tools were used to grade the level of evidence to support each recommendation. When evidence did not exist, guidance was developed based on consensus using the modified Delphi process. Results: The systematic review and critical analysis of the literature based on 13 Population, Intervention, Comparator, Outcome questions resulted in 22 statements. Very little evidence exists in the COVID-19 population. The panel thus used expert consensus and existing evidence-based guidelines to craft the guidance statements. Conclusions: The evidence on the optimal strategies to prevent, diagnose, and treat VTE in patients with COVID-19 is sparse but rapidly evolving.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1143-1163
Number of pages21
JournalChest
Volume158
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • DIC
  • DVT
  • VTE
  • hypercoagulability
  • pulmonary embolism

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