Prior Enlisted Medical Students at the Uniformed Services University: Outcomes During Four Years of Medical School

Althea Green, Ting Dong, Deanna N. Schreiber-Gregory, Laura Tilley, Steven J. Durning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: The Uniformed Services University (USU) implemented the Enlisted to Medical Degree Preparatory Program (EMDP2) with the goal of enhancing the diversity of the military physician corps. Programs like EMDP2 can assist students in making the social and intellectual transition from undergraduate studies to medical school and beyond. These types of programs are also opportunities to reduce health disparities and prepare students to work in multicultural settings. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether there was any significant difference in performance between USU medical students who had attended the EMDP2 and those who had not. Materials and Methods: We compared the results of National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) Clinical Science Subjects, United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1, and USMLE Step 2 Clinical Knowledge exams of EMDP2 learners from the School of Medicine classes of 2020 to 2023 to those of four similarly sized cohorts of their peers who varied by age and prior military service. Results: We found that the performance of EMDP2 graduates was comparable to their peers who followed more traditional and other alternative paths to medical school. For example, regression models showed that EMDP2 status was not a statistically significant predictor of average clerkship NBME exam score, nor of USMLE Step 1 failure. Conclusion: EMDP2 graduates performed on a par with their medical school peers, and EMDP2 status does not appear to influence NBME or USMLE performance. EMDP2 provides a focused curriculum and addresses the mandate to make medical education opportunities available to a more diverse population.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberS2
JournalMilitary Medicine
StatePublished - 1 May 2023
Externally publishedYes


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