The prolactin (PRL) receptor is a member of the family of cytokine receptors that lack intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity but contain two conserved cysteines in their N-terminal regions and a WSXWS motif adjacent to their transmembrane domains. In a manner similar to the interferons (IFNs), exposure of cells to PRL results in tyrosine phosphorylation of several cellular proteins and the rapid transcriptional induction of the IFN regulatory factor 1 gene. In this communication, we demonstrate that treatment of rat Nb2 lymphoma cells with PRL activates a latent protein factor so that it binds to an enhancer in the IFN regulatory factor 1 gene. This enhancer has been shown to be required for IFN-γ-activated expression of this gene. PRL-induced assembly of the DNA binding complex, PRL-stimulated factor, required tyrosine phosphorylation. PRL-stimulated factor contained at least one protein that was antigenically similar to the p91 transcription factor, a component of several transcription complexes required for cytokine- activated gene expression. PRL not only induced the tyrosine phosphorylation of p91 but also induced tyrosine phosphorylation of Jak2, a tyrosine kinase required for IFN-γ-activated gene expression. These results provide evidence for a signaling mechanism, some of whose components are shared by both PRL and IFN-γ receptors, that results in the expression of early response genes.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - 19 Jul 1994|