Specific populations of normal and malignant epithelium from three radical prostatectomy tissue specimes were procured by laser capture microdissection (LCM) and analyzed by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-D PAGE). Six proteins that were only seen in malignant cells and two proteins that were only seen in benign epithelium were reproducibly observed in two of two cases examined. Furthermore, these proteins were not observed in the 2-D PAGE profiles from the patient-matched microdissected stromal cell populations, but were seen in the protein profiles from the undissected whole cryostat sections. One of these proteins was determined to be prostate-specific antigen (PSA) by Western blot analysis, and intriguingly the remaining protein candidates were found to be at least as abundant as the PSA protein. Comparison of 2-D PAGE profiles of microdissected cell with matched in vitro cell lines from the same patient, and metastatic prostate cancer cell lines (LnCaP and PC3) showed striking differences between prostate cells in vivo and in vitro with less than 20% shared proteins. The data demonstrate that 2-D PAGE analysis of LCM-derived cells can reliably detect alterations in protein expression associated with prostate cancer, and that these differentially expressed proteins are produced in high enough levels which could allow for their clinical utility as new targets for therapeutic intervention, serum markers, and/or imaging markers.
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - 2000|
- Cell culture
- Laser capture microdissection
- Prostate cancer