Proximal biceps tendon: Injuries and management

Darren J. Friedman, John C. Dunn, Laurence D. Higgins, Jon J.P. Warner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations


The long head of the biceps tendon is a known pain generator of the shoulder. There are numerous pathologic entities that may affect this tendon, including tendonitis, partial tearing, and subluxation. These conditions are often associated with rotator cuff tears, especially those involving the subscapularis. Operative interventions include tenotomy and tenodesis. Tenodesis can be preformed in a proximal or distal location. Subpectoral tenodesis may have a lower recurrence rate than proximal-based techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-169
Number of pages8
JournalSports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Instability
  • Proximal biceps tendon
  • Subluxation
  • Subpectoral
  • Tenodesis
  • Tenotomy


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