Public health practice is not research

Jean Lin Otto, Mark Holodniy, Robert F. DeFraites*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Scientific and clinical activities undertaken by public health agencies may be misconstrued asmedical research. Most discussions of regulatory and legal oversight of medical research focus on activities involving either patients in clinical practice or volunteers in clinical trials. These discussions often exclude similar activities that constitute or support core functions of public health practice. As a result, public health agencies and practitioners may be held to inappropriate regulatory standards regarding research. Through the lens of the Departments of Defense and Veterans Affairs, and using several case studies from these departments, we offer a framework for the adjudication of activities common to research and public health practice that could assist public health practitioners, research oversight authorities, and scientific journals in determining whether such activities require regulatory review and approval as research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)596-602
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume104
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014
Externally publishedYes

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